Why Did the Date Wear Off ?
The dates on many Buffalo Nickels have worn off because the date was on a raised dowry of the design. Given that these nickels circulated very heavily for many decades, the wear and tear on them were reasonably prevailing. If the date is not show on the mint, the coin will not carry a numismatic premium .
A mint collector must know the date to determine its value and see if it is a rare nickel or not. For example, dateless Buffalo nickels are worth about six cents each, but only because people use them for jewelry, shirt buttons, and respective other uses. All other types of nickels without dates are entirely worth face value .
The foremost Buffalo Nickels produced by The United States Mint in 1913 featured the denomination of FIVE CENTS on a raised mound of soil below the old world buffalo on the inverse of the coin. This design flaw caused the denomination to wear off prematurely. approximately center through 1913, James Earl Fraser modified his design to the denomination below the level of the coin ‘s rim. This design change protected the inscription from wearing off the coin. additionally, the mint check is besides located in this area and is protected from the harsh environment of circulating neologism .
What Does the “ F ” Mean ?
The letter “ F ” you see on the “ heads ” side under the place where the date is located, stands for the graphic designer ‘s last name, James Earl Fraser. All Buffalo nickels have the couturier ‘s initials on it careless of the batch facility where it was manufactured .
If your mint has a mint check, it will be under the american bison on the reversion ( “ tails ” ) english of the coin, below the words FIVE CENTS. If the Philadelphia mint produced the coin, there is no mint grade. The letter “ D ” indicates the Denver mint facility, and “ S ” stands for San Francisco. however, they are susceptible to unscrupulous people trying to add a mint mark to a park date coin to increase its value. Before spend large dollars on a rare Buffalo nickel, make sure a reputable mint dealer authenticates it .
Recovering the Date
sometimes it is potential to recover the date on a dateless Buffalo nickel by putting a drop of ferric chloride on the spot where the date used to be. This chemical called a “ date refinisher ” is sold under the trade name “ Nic-A-Date. ”
Although it will cause the go steady to reappear on a dateless Buffalo Nickel, ferric chloride leaves a blotchy, rocky, acidic spot of wrong on the coin that ruins the appearance of the nickel. besides, the date will fade over time, and each clock you use the chemical, it brings back less and less of the date, leaving an increasingly despicable acid notice .
professional numismatists will not trust a date that has been restored with ferric chloride. An unscrupulous person can create the illusion of a rare date Buffalo nickel by manipulating the alloy the ferric chloride is applied. Therefore, be leery of any mint purchase that is based upon a repair date, specially if it is an extremely rare error or key date coins .
never use chemicals on your nickels ‘ surface to restore overtone dates because partial-date Buffalo Nickels are worth more than wholly dateless nickels. Depending on which digits are, the nickel can be worth anywhere from 50 cents ( if the separate usher is the first 2 or 3 digits ) to about 20 % of market value if the death two or three digits are clear .
How It ‘s identifiable Without the Date
originally the reverse side of the Buffalo nickel had the appellation of “ FIVE CENTS ” displayed on a pile of crap beneath the american bison. As these nickels began to circulate in their first year of write out, 1913, the United States Mint noticed that the denomination was wearing away prematurely .
approximately halfway through 1913, the mint reworked the mint ‘s blueprint. This rework included the mound of crap that the buffalo is standing on was modified to have a recess distance below it to display the denomination of “ FIVE CENTS. ” This new purpose eliminated the problem of the date wearing away prematurely .
Find out how much your full-date Buffalo nickels are worth in the Buffalo nickel price scout .