▷ Windows Networking Interview Questions [Updated] – 2022

If you ‘re looking for Windows Networking Interview Questions for Experienced or Freshers, you are in the correct locate. There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the universe. According to research Windows Networking has a market share of about 89.7% according to network applications. so, You still have the opportunity to move ahead in your career as Windows Specialist. Mindmajix offers Advanced Windows Networking Interview Questions 2022 that helps you in cracking your consultation & acquire your dream career as Windows System Admin Specialist .

Networking Interview Questions

1. Define Computer Networks.
2. What is the use of NIC? Can a computer work without NIC in-network?
3. Explain Network Topology

4. Define Node and Routers.
5. Tell me different types of networks along with their area of usage.
6. Can you tell me the most basic use of a switch in networking
7. In which topology centralized device is used for connectivity?
8. Name a topology that uses coaxial Cable and terminators
9. Explain the mechanism in a ring topology
10. Explain the mechanism used in a mesh topology

Windows Networking Interview Questions and Answers

1. Define Computer Networks.

Computer Network can be defined as a fructify of computers connected with each other to communicate and share resources such as software, hardware, and data .

2. What is the use of NIC? Can a computer work without NIC in-network?

NIC stands for Network Interface Card. NIC is the bridge between computer and network.
Without NIC Card, the computer can not connect to any network. It can besides be called an Ethernet card or Network Adaptor .

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3. Explain Network Topology

Network regional anatomy is the physical structure of computers. It states the way computers, cables, devices, etc. are connected with each other .

4. Define Node and Routers.

Node: Node can be described as a distributor point or joint where the connection is built. Any device connected in-network is considered a node. To establish a network, two or more nodes are required .
Node and Routers
Router: Routers can be termed as a device through which network segments are connected. These network devices save information like routing tables, hops, etc. By using this information, routers can determine the best way available to transfer the data from source to finish.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

5. Tell me different types of networks along with their area of usage.

PAN: Personal Area Network – largely used in home
LAN: Local Area Network – used in small cafe or offices
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network – used in city or township
WAN: Wide Area Network – scatter across the world
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6. Can you tell me the most basic use of a switch in networking

The substitution can connect respective computers together. For case, 7 port trade can join 7 computers in a single network

7. In which topology centralized device is used for connectivity?

Star regional anatomy utilizes a hub or switches as a centralize device for connectivity .

8. Name a topology that uses coaxial Cable and terminators

Bus Topology

9. Explain the mechanism in a ring topology

In a resound topology, every computer is connected with two more computers and this is how the loop will be formed. here the data will be flown only in a unmarried direction .
source calculator transmits the datum in a circle. Each calculator will checks whether data has been intended for them and if yes, they will pick up the data mailboat from the ring. If it is not then they will pass the data mailboat to the following calculator. This is how the datum packet will reach the finish calculator .

10. Explain the mechanism used in a mesh topology

In Mesh topology, each device is connected with all the rest of the devices residing in-network,
To connect normality nodes, n ( n-1 ) /2 connections are required in a mesh topology. then to connect 4 devices, 6 connections will be required in a engagement net .
Mechanism in Mesh Topology

11. Describe the pros and cons of Bus topology.

Pros: Bus topology incurs the lowest cost amongst all the topologies available .
Cons: In a Bus topology, all the devices are connected with a single cable. so if the chief cable breaks then the whole network will be affected.

12. Explain Hybrid topology.

The hybrid topology consists of more than one topology in the same network. For exemplar, hybrid star-bus topology, here multiple leading topologies are joined with single bus topology regional anatomy .

13. Please explain the potential difference between the Internet, Intranet, and Extranet.

These terms can be described as a way network applications are being accessed .
Internet – Everyone and anyone around the world can entree the applications
Intranet – lone authoritative users from the arrangement can access the application for which it has been built .
Extranet – Selected external users are allowed to use the application which was built for the Internet

14. Explain OSI Reference Model.

OSI – Open System Interconnection. OSI Model describes the room application interacts with each early over a net .

15. What is TCP/IP model.

TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol – It is the most wide used protocol .
It describes how data should be packaged, transferred, and routed in the network .

16. Explain HTTP and HTTPS.

HTTP: HyperText Transfer Protocol is used to transmit network content. It uses TCP port 80
HTTPS: It is a secure HTTP. To avoid tampering with data, HTTPS encrypts data packets transmitted in the network. It uses TCP port 443 .

17. Explain the difference between transmission and communication.

Transmission: Data is transferred from source to finish. This involves the forcible movement of data
Communication: Data is transmitted between reference and destination. This involves sending and receiving data packets between reference and finish .

18. What are the data transmission modes available to transfer data over a network? 

There are 3 data infection modes available to transmit the data
1. Simplex: Data transfer can be established entirely in one focus. For example radio receiver bespeak
2. Half Duplex: Data transfer can be established in both directions but not at the same time. For case internet browse, once we send a request to the server then the server will process it and show us the results
3. Full Duplex: Data transfer can be established in both directions simultaneously. For example telephone communication .

19. Full form of IDEA and ASCII

IDEA: International Data Encryption Algorithm
ASCII: american Standard Code for Information Interchange

20. What is DNS?

DNS is Domain Naming Server. It is the bridge between sphere names and IP addresses. The calculator only gets numbers whereas humans lone remember names. For example, gmail.com is the name given by humans but when we hit gmail.com, DNS translated it to numbers and process our requests .

21. What is Piggybacking?

For any station data frame, the telephone receiver must acknowledge to sender. alternatively of sending recognition stand-alone, the liquidator will wait and send recognition along with the adjacent data frame. This process is termed piggybacking .

22. Explain ipconfig and ifconfig

Ipconfig: Internet Protocol Configuration. This command is used for viewing and configuring the net interface on Microsoft Windows. It is besides used to identify DHCP protocol and DNS settings .
Ifconfig: Interface Configuration. This command is for Linux, Mac, and Unix OS. Through this command, we can configure and control the TCP/IP network interface from the control course. We can see the IPs of these networks using this command .

23. What is Round Trip Time?

Round Trip Time can besides be known as Round Trip Delay. It is the total time taken by a signal to reach the finish node and come back to the transmitter lymph node with acknowledgment .

24. Define Beaconing

If any problem in the network is identified and repaired by the network itself then it is known as beacon. FDDI and token ring use this chiefly .

25. Is there any way to recover the data of a system that is infected by a virus?

Yes .

  • Prepare a new system with OS and antivirus.
  • Connect the HDD of the infected system with the new system as a secondary drive
  • Scan it and clean it
  • Once cleaned, transfer the data from the secondary drive to the new system

26. Differentiate between baseband and broadband transmission

In baseband transmission, the full bandwidth of the cable will be taken by a single signal. Whereas in broadband transmittance, multiple signals with multiple frequencies can be sent simultaneously .

27. Define Crosstalk

crosstalk is the disturbance generated by adjacent wires.

28. Explain the use of tracert

Tracert is a creature used to list the path taken by a data package from the router to the finish node. It besides mentions the count of sum hops taken in the entire route .

29. What is the use of netstat?

Netstat is a command-line creature. It is used to list out all authoritative TCP/IP settings of a connection .

30. If you use longer cables than the preferred ones, will it make any difference?

If we use longer cables than the choose ones, it will cause a bespeak personnel casualty in transmission .

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